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日期:2014-01-03 10:25



  About 40 percent of Americans think of themselves as shy, while only 20 percent say they have never suffered from shyness at some point in their lives. Shyness occurs when a person’s apprehensions are so great that they 1 his making an expected or desired social response. 2 of shyness can be as minor as 3 to make eye contact when speaking to someone, 4 as major as avoiding conversations whenever possible.
  “Shy people tend to be too 5 with themselves,” said Jonathan Cheek, a psychologist, who is one of those at the forefront of current research on the topic. “ 6 , for a smooth conversation, you need to pay attention to the other person’s cues 7 he is saying and doing. But the shy person is full of 8 about how he seems to the other person, and so he often 9 cues he should pick up. The result is an awkward lag in the conversation. Shy people need to stop focusing on 10 and switch their attention to the other person.”
  11 , shy people by and large have 12 social abilities than they think they do. 13 Dr. Cheek videotaped shy people talking to 14 , and then had raters (评估者) evaluate how socially skilled the people were, he found that, in the 15 of other people, the shy group had few 16 problems. But when he asked the shy people themselves 17 they had done, they were unanimous in saying that they had been social flops (失败).
  “Shy people are their own 18 critics,” Dr. Cheek said. 19 he added, shy people feel they are being judged more 20 than they actually are, and overestimate how obvious their social anxiety is to others.

  1. [A] prevent [B] inhibit [C] keep [D] motivate
  2. [A] Symptoms [B] Signals [C] Highlights [D] Incidences
  3. [A] succeeding [B] failing [C] acting [D] responding
  4. [A] but [B] not [C] or [D] nor
  5. [A] preoccupied [B] absorbed [C] engaged [D] indulged
  6. [A] However [B] Then [C] For example [D] Instead
  7. [A] that [B] which [C] what [D] how
  8. [A] worries [B] feelings [C] emotions [D] indifferences
  9. [A] follows [B] picks up [C] misses [D] catches
  10.[A]the conversation [B] shyness [C] others [D] themselves
  11. [A] Therefore [B] Nevertheless [C]On the contrary [D] Similarly
  12. [A] worse [B] as good [C] better [D] best
  13. [A] When [B] Since [C] While [D] As
  14. [A] themselves [B] friends [C] strangers [D] others
  15. [A] name [B] terms [C] ease [D] eyes
  16. [A] oblivious [B] obvious [C] oblique [D] obscure
  17. [A] what [B] whatever [C] how [D] however
  18. [A] best [B] justice [C] fair [D] worst
  19. [A] In particular [B] In contrast [C] In general [D] In comparison
  20. [A] positively [B] negatively [C] subjectively [D] objectively


  Text 19答案
  1. 【答案】B
  【解析】 inhibit意为“阻止,抑制”,后面可直接跟名词或动名词,如:Thirst inhibits the desire to eat.口渴妨碍食欲。而prevent,keep虽也意为“阻止”,但常用结构为prevent/keep sb.from doing sth.因此这里inhibit为最佳选项。
  2. 【答案】A
  3. 【答案】B
  【解析】fail to do sth.不能做某事,句意为:害羞的人不能在与别人交谈时与别人进行眼神交流。因此,B项最合逻辑。
  4. 【答案】C
  【解析】or表示一种选择关系,根据上句...can be as minor as. . .,“可能微小到……”,又根据后面的...as major as...,“能大到……”,由此可知应是一种选择关系,因此用or。
  5. 【答案】A
  6. 【答案】C
  7. 【答案】C
  【解析】注意前面出现的cues,这个词意为“(言词、行为之)暗示,提示”。因为后面一句是用来解释说明cues的,因此应选What he is saying and doing.他在说什么话和做着什么动作。
  8. 【答案】A
  9. 【答案】C
  10. 【答案】D
  11. 【答案】B
  12. 【答案】C
  13. 【答案】A
  14. 【答案】C
  15. 【答案】D
  【解析】in the eyes of sb.意为“在某人看来”;in the name of sb.意为“以某人的名义”。根据上下文,选用eyes最合逻辑。
  16. 【答案】B
  17. 【答案】C
  18. 【答案】D
  19. 【答案】C
  【解析】in general意为“总体上来说”;in particular意为“具体而言”;in contrast意为“相比而言”;in comparison意为“比较地说”。
  20. 【答案】B

  • evaluatevt. 评估,评价
  • engagedadj. 忙碌的,使用中的,订婚了的
  • preventv. 预防,防止
  • anxietyn. 焦虑,担心,渴望
  • lagvi. 落后,缓慢进行,衰退 vt. 落后于,滞后于 n
  • absorbedadj. 一心一意的;被吸收的 v. 吸收;使全神贯注(
  • contrastn. 差别,对比,对照物 v. 对比,成对照 [计算机]
  • obviousadj. 明显的,显然的
  • inhibitv. 禁止,抑制 [计算机] 禁止
  • switchn. 开关,转换,鞭子 v. 转换,改变,交换,鞭打