Bankers have been blaming themselves for their troubles in public.
Behind the scenes, they have been taking aim at someone else: the accounting standard-setters.
Their rules, moan the banks, have forced them to report enormous losses, and it's just not fair.
These rules say they must value some assets at the price a third party would pay, not the price managers and regulators would like them to fetch.
Unfortunately, banks' lobbying now seems to be working.
The details may be unknowable, but the independence of standard-setters, essential to the proper functioning of capital markets, is being compromised.
And, unless banks carry toxic assets at prices that attract buyers, reviving the banking system will be difficult.
After a bruising encounter with Congress, America's Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) rushed through rule changes.
These gave banks more freedom to use models to value illiquid assets and more flexibility in recognizing losses on long-term assets in their income statement.
Bob Herz, the FASB's chairman, cried out against those who "question our motives.
FASB 主席 Bob Herz 大声反对那些"怀疑我们的动机"的人们。
" Yet bank shares rose and the changes enhance what one lobby group politely calls "the use of judgment by management. "
European ministers instantly demanded that the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) do likewise.
The IASB says it does not want to act without overall planning, but the pressure to fold when it completes it reconstruction of rules later this year is strong.
Charlie McCreevy, a European commissioner, warned the IASB that it did "not live in a political vacuum" but "in the real word" and that Europe could yet develop different rules.
欧洲委员会委员 Charlie McCreevy 警告 IASB 说：它不是"处在政治真空中"而是"在现实世界里"，并表示欧洲最终可能会发展出不同的会计规则。
It was banks that were on the wrong planet, with accounts that vastly overvalued assets.
Today they argue that market prices overstate losses, because they largely reflect the temporary illiquidity of markets, not the likely extent of bad debts.
The truth will not be known for years.
But bank's shares trade below their book value, suggesting that investors are skeptical.
And dead markets partly reflect the paralysis of banks which will not sell assets for fear of booking losses, yet are reluctant to buy all those supposed bargains.
To get the system working again, losses must be recognized and dealt with.
America's new plan to buy up toxic assets will not work unless banks mark assets to levels which buyers find attractive.
Successful markets require independent and even combative standard-setters.
The FASB and IASB have been exactly that, cleaning up rules on stock options and pensions, for example, against hostility from special interests.
FASB和 IASB 以往正是这样对抗特殊利益集团的敌意的，例如改进股权和退休金的相关规则。
But by giving in to critics now they are inviting pressure to make more concessions.