2009年考研英语阅读真题(MP3+字幕)第1篇 Can You Become a Creature of New Habits
日期:2014-10-05 10:42


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Habits are a funny thing.


We reach for them mindlessly, setting our brains on auto-pilot and relaxing into the unconscious comfort of familiar routine.


"Not choice, but habit rules the unreflecting herd, " William Wordsworth said in the 19th century.

19 世纪时,威廉·华兹华斯说,"并非选择,而是习惯会控制那些没有思想的人。"

In the ever-changing 21st century, even the word "habit" carries a negative implication.

在千变万化的 21 世纪,甚至"习惯"这个词本身也带有负面涵义。

So it seems antithetical to talk about habits in the same context as creativity and innovation.


But brain researchers have discovered that when we consciously develop new habits, we create parallel synaptic paths, and even entirely new brain cells, that can jump our trains of thought onto new, innovative tracks.


Rather than dismissing ourselves as unchangeable creatures of habit, we can instead direct our own change by consiciously developing new habits.


In fact, the more new things we try-the more we step outside our comfort zone - the more inherently creative we become, both in the workplace and in our personal lives.


But don't bother trying to kill off old habits;


once those ruts of procedure are worn into the brain, they're there to stay.


Instead, the new habits we deliberately ingrain into ourselves create parallel pathways that can bypass those old roads.


"The first thing needed for innovation is a fascination with wonder, " says Dawna Markova, author of "The Open Mind"


"But we are taught instead to 'decide, ' just as our president calls himself 'the Decider.' "


She adds, however, that "to decide is to kill off all possibilities but one.


A good innovational thinker is always exploring the many other possibilities."


All of us work through problems in ways of which we're unaware, she says.


Researchers in the late 1960 covered that humans are born with the capacity to approach challenges in four primary ways: analytically, procedurally, relationally (or collaboratively) and innovatively.

研究人员在 20 世纪 60 年代末发现人类天生主要用四种方法应对挑战:分析法,程序法,相关法(或合作法)和创新法。

At the end of adolescence, however, the brain shuts down half of that capacity, preserving only those modes of thought that have seemed most valuable during the first decade or so of life.


The current emphasis on standardized testing highlights analysis and procedure, meaning that few of us inherently use our innovative and collaborative modes of thought.


"This breaks the major rule in the American belief system - that anyone can do anything, " explains M. J. Ryan, author of the 2006 book "This Year I Will. . . " and Ms. Markova's business partner.

M.J.瑞恩是 2006 年出版的著作《今年我将……》一书的作者以及马克瓦女士的商业合作伙伴,她解释说:"这打破了美国信念体系里的主要规则-任何人都可以做任何事。"

"That's a lie that we have perpetuated, and it fosters commonness. Knowing what you're good at and doing even more of it creates excellence. " This is where developing new habits comes in.


  • botherv. 使恼怒,使不安,烦扰,费心 n. 烦扰,麻烦,焦急
  • decaden. 十年
  • unconsciousadj. 失去知觉的
  • primaryadj. 主要的,初期的,根本的,初等教育的 n. 最主
  • capacityn. 能力,容量,容积; 资格,职位 adj. (达到最
  • contextn. 上下文,环境,背景
  • fascinationn. 魔力,魅力
  • routinen. 例行公事,常规,无聊 adj. 常规的,例行的,乏
  • bypassvt. 绕开,忽视 n. 支路,旁道
  • collaborativeadj. 合作的,协作的