日期:2016-03-29 16:30



Listen to the following passage. Altogether the passage will be read to you four times. During the first reading, which will be done at normal speed, listen and try to understand the meaning. For the second and third readings, the passage will be read sentence by sentence, or phrase by phrase, with intervals of 15 seconds. The last reading will be done at normal speed again and during this time you should check your work. You will then be given 1 minute to check through your work once more.


In this section you will hear a talk. You will hear the talk ONCE ONLY. While listening, you may look at ANSWER SHEET ONE and write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each gap. Make sure the word(s) you fill in is (are) both grammatically and semantically acceptable. You may use the blank sheet for note-taking.
You have THIRTY seconds to preview the gap-filling task.
Now listen to the talk. When it is over, you will be given TWO minutes to complete your work.

Speech during Freshmen's Week
1. Class attendance
__1__attendance is required
Not doing so: no attendance certificate
__2__ in assigned groups
Individual work: __3__
Private study: __4__hours per day
2. Methods of assessment
Final assessment
5 pieces of written work from __5__
Final exam of 3 three-hour papers, or a 10,000 essay
More __6__information from tutors
No __7__in classrooms
3. __8__
No more than 5 guests during the day
Reserve __10__for larger parties

In this section you will hear two conversations. At the end of each conversation, five questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken ONCE ONLY. After each question there will be a ten-second pause. During the pause, you should read the four choices of A, B, C and D, and mark the best answer to each question on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
You have thirty seconds to preview the questions.
Now, listen to the conversations.

Conversation One
A. The return trip is too expensive.
B. There is no technology to get people back.
C. People don't want to return.
D. The return trip is too risky.
A. Intelligence.
B. Health.
C. Calmness.
D. Skills.
A. He can't calmly cope with problems.
B. He is not smart and health.
C. He belongs to people with specific skills.
D. He is too shy to sign up for the trip.
A. The Olympics audience
B. The whole world
C. The participants themselves
D. People watching the mission on television.
A. Curiosity and hobbies of the speakers
B. Interest in watching the mission on TV.
C. The kind of people suitable for the trip.
D. Recruitment of people for the trip.

Conversation Two
A. Going to the high street.
B. Visiting everyday shops.
C. Visiting shops and buying online.
D. Buying things like electrical goods.
A. Shoes.
B. Electrical products.
C. Smartphones.
D. Newspapers.
A. 3%
B. 33%
C. 42%
D. 24%
A. They want to see the real thing first.
B. They want to know more about pricing.
C. They can return the product later.
D. They can bargain for a lower shop price.
A. Increase prices.
B. Sell more products.
C. Offer discount vouchers.
D. Reduce costs.


There are twenty sentences in this section. Beneath each sentence there are four words, phrases or statements marked A, B, C and D. Choose one word, phrase or statement that best completes the sentence.
Mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
11. When you have finished with that book, don't forget to put it back on the shelf, ______?
A. will you
B. do you
C. don't you
D. won't you
12. Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?
A. Five miles seem like a long walk to me.
B. Ten dollars was stolen from the cash register.
C. Either my sister or my brother is wrong.
D. Only one out of six were present at the meeting.
13. It is not so much the language ______ the cultural background that makes the film difficult to understand.
A. but
B. nor
C. like
D. as
14. There is no doubt ______ the committee has made the right decision on the housing project.
A. why
B. that
C. whether
D. when
15. If you explained the situation to your lawyer, he ______ able to advise you much better than I can.
A. will be
B. would be
C. was
D. were
16. Which of the following is a stative verb (静态动词)?
A. Drink
B. Close
C. Rain
D. Belong
17. Which of the following italicized parts indicates a subject-verb relation?
A. The man has a large family to support.
B. She had no wish to quarrel with her brother.
C. He was the last guest to leave.
D. Mary needs a friend to talk to.
18. Which of the following is INCORRECT?
A. A bit of flowers
B. Few words
C. This work
D. Another two girls
19. When one has good health, ______ should feel fortunate
A. you
B. she
C. he
D. we
20. There ______ nothing more for discussion, the meeting came to an end half an hour earlier.
A. to be
B. to have been
C. being
D. be
21. Bottles from this region sell ______ at about $50 a case.
A. wholesale
B. totally
C. entirely
D. together
22. The product contains no ______ colours, flavours, or preservatives.
A. fake
B. false
C. artificial
D. wrong
23. ______ and business leaders were delighted at the decision to hold the national motor fair in the city.
A. Civil
B. Civilized
C. Civilian
D. Civic
24. The city council is planning a huge road-building programme to ease congestion. The underlined part means ______.
A. calm
B. relieve
C. comfort
D. still
25. His unfortunate appearance was offset by an attractive personality. The underlined part means all the following EXCEPT ______.
A. improved
B. made up for
C. balanced
D. compensated for
26. The doctor said that the gash in his check required stitches. The underlined part means ______.
A. lump
B. depression
C. swelling
D. cut
27. During the economic crisis, they had to cut back production and ______ workers.
A. lay into
B. lay off
C. lay down
D. lay aside
28. To mark its one hundredth anniversary, the university held a series of activities including conferences, film shows, etc. The underlined part means ______.
A. celebrate
B. signify
C. symbolize
D. suggest
29. His fertile mind keeps turning out new ideas. The underlined part means ______.
A. abundant
B. unbelievable
C. productive
D. generative
30. These issues were discussed at length during the meeting. The underlined part means ______.
A. eventually
B. subsequently
C. lastly
D. fully

Decide which of the words given in the box below would best complete the passage if inserted in the corresponding blanks. The words can be used ONCE ONLY. Mark the letter for each word on ANSWER SHEET TWO.
A. as
B. aimless
C. bother
D. fast
E. flights
F. helpless
G. labor-saving
H. levels
I. money-saving
J. pause
K. quite
L. stand by
M. standstill
N. traffic
O. trapped
Electricity is such a part of our everyday lives and so much taken for granted nowadays that we rarely think twice when we switch on the light or turn on the TV set. At night, roads are brightly lit, enabling people and __31__ to move freely. Neon lighting used in advertising has become part of the character of every modern city. In the home, many __32__ devices are powered by electricity. Even when we turn off the bedside lamp and are __33__ asleep, electricity is working for us, driving our refrigerators, heating our water, or keeping our rooms air-conditioned. Every day, trains, buses and subways take us to and from work. We rarely __34__ to consider why or how they run——until something goes wrong. In the summer of 1959, something did go wrong with the power-plant that provided New York with electricity. For a great many hours, life came almost to a __35__. Trains refused to move and the people in them sat in the dark, powerless to do anything; lifts stopped working, so that even if you were lucky enough not to be __36__ between two floors, you had the unpleasant task of finding your way down __37__ of stairs. Famous streets like Broadway and Fifth Avenue in an instant became as gloomy and uninviting __38__ the most remote back streets. People were afraid to leave their houses, for although the police had been ordered to __39__ in case of emergency, they were just as confused and __40__ as anybody else.



In this section there are several passages followed by ten multiple-choice questions. For each question, there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that you think is the best answer and mark your answers on ANSWER SHEET TWO.

Inundated by more information than we can possibly hold in our heads, we're increasingly handing off the job of remembering to search engines and smart phones. Google is even reportedly working on eyeglasses that could one day recognize faces and supply details about whoever you're looking at But new research shows that outsourcing our memory — and expecting that information will be continually and instantaneously available — is changing our cognitive habits.
Research conducted by Betsy Sparrow, an assistant professor of psychology at Columbia University,has identified three new realities about how we process information in the Internet age. First, her experiments showed that when we don't know the answer to a question, we now think about where we can find the nearest Web connection instead of the subject of the question itself. A second revelation is that when we expect to be able to find information again later on, we don't remember it as well as when we think it might become unavailable. And then there is the researchers' final observation: the expectation that we'll be able to locate information down the line leads us to form a memory not of the fact itself but of where we'll be able to find it.
But this handoff comes with a downside. Skills like critical thinking and analysis must develop in the context of facts: we need something to think and reason about, after all. And these facts can't be Googled as we go; they need to be stored in the original hard drive, our long-term memory. Especially in the case of children, “factual knowledge must precede skill”,says Daniel Willingham, a professor of psychology,at the University of Virginia — meaning that the days of drilling the multiplication table and memorizing the names of the Presidents aren't over quite yet Adults, too, need to recruit a supply of stored knowledge in order to situate and evaluate new information they encounter. You can't Google context.
41. Google's eyeglasses are supposed to ____.
A. improve our memory
B. function like memory
C. help us see faces better
D. work like smart phones
42. Which of the following statements about Sparrow's research is CORRECT?
A. We remember people and things as much as before.
B. We remember more Internet connections than before.
C. We pay equal attention to location and content of information.
D. We tend to remember location rather than the core of facts.
43. What is the implied message of the author?
A. Web connections aid our memory.
B. People differ in what to remember.
C. People need to exercise their memory.
D. People keep memory on smart phones.

I was a second-year medical student at the university, and was on my second day of rounds at a nearby hospital. My university's philosophy was to get students seeing patients early in their education. Nice idea, but it overlooked one detail: second-year students know next to nothing about medicine.
Assigned to my team that day was an attending - a senior faculty member who was there mostly to make patients feel they weren't in the hands of amateurs. Many attendings were researchers who didn't have much recent hospital experience. Mine was actually an arthritis specialist. Also along was a resident (the real boss, with a staggering mastery of medicine, at least to a rookie like myself). In addition there were two interns(住院实习医生). These guys were just as green as I was,but in a scarier way: they had recently graduated from the medical school, so they were technically MDs.
I began the day at 6:30 am. An intern and I did a quick check of our eight patients; later, we were to present our findings to the resident and then to the attending. I had three patients and the intern had the other five - piece of cake.
But when I arrived in the room of 71-year-old Mr. Adams,he was sitting up in bed, sweating heavily and panting (喘气). He'd just had a hip operation and looked terrible. I listened to his lungs with my stethoscope, but they sounded clear. Next I checked the log of his vital signs and saw that his respiration and heart rate had been climbing, but his temperature was steady. It didn't seem like heart failure, nor did it appear to be pneumonia. So I asked Mr. Adams what he thought was going on.
"It's really hot in here, Doc," he replied.
So I attributed his condition to the stuffy room and told him the rest of the team would return in a few hours. He smiled and feebly waved goodbye.
At 8:40 am., during our team meeting, "Code Blue Room 307!" blared from the loudspeaker. I froze.
That was Mr. Adams's room.
When we arrived, he was motionless.
The autopsy (尸体解剖) later found Mr. Adams had suffered a massive pulmonary embolism (肺部栓塞). A blood clot had formed in his leg, worked its way to his lungs, and cut his breathing capacity in half. His symptoms had been textbook: heavy perspiration and shortness of breath despite clear lungs. The only thing was: I hadn't read that chapter in the textbook yet. And I was too scared, insecure, and proud to ask a real doctor for help.
This mistake has haunted me for nearly 30 years, but what's particularly frustrating is that the same medical education system persists. Who knows how many people have died or suffered harm at the hands of students as naive as I, and how many more will?
44. We learn that the author's team members had __D__.
A. some professional deficiency
B. much practical experience
C. adequate knowledge
D. long been working there
45. “His symptoms had been textbook” means that his symptoms were _D___.
A. part of the textbook
B. explained in the textbook
C. no longer in the textbook
D. recently included in the textbook
46. At the end of the passage, the author expresses __B__ about the medical education system.
A. optimism
B. hesitation
C. support
D. concern


The war on smoking, now five decades old and counting, is one of the nation's greatest public health success stories - but not for everyone.
As a whole, the country has made amazing progress. In 1964, four in ten adults in the US smoked; today fewer than two in ten do. But some states - Kentucky, South Dakota and Alabama to name just a few - seem to have missed the message that smoking is deadly.
Their failure is the greatest disappointment in an effort to save lives that was started on Jan. 11, 1964, by the first Surgeon General's Report on Smoking and Health. Its finding that smoking is a cause of lung cancer and other diseases was major news then. The hazards of smoking were just starting to emerge.
The report led to cigarette warning labels, a ban on TV ads and eventually an anti-smoking movement that shifted the nation's attitude on smoking. Then, smokers were cool. Today, many are outcasts, rejected by restaurants, bars, public buildings and even their own workplaces. Millions of lives have been saved.
The formula for success is no longer guesswork: Adopt tough warning labels, air public service ads, fund smoking cessation programs and impose smoke-free laws. But the surest way to prevent smoking, particularly among price-sensitive teens, is to raise taxes. If you can stop them from smoking, you've won the war. Few people start smoking after turning 19.
The real-life evidence of taxing power is powerful. The 10 states with the lowest adult smoking rates slap an average tax of $2.42 on every pack -- three times the average tax in the states with the highest smoking rates.
New York has the highest cigarette tax in the country, at $4.35 per pack, and just 12 percent of teens smoke, far below the national average of 18 percent. Compare that with Kentucky, where taxes are low (60 cents), smoking restrictions are weak and the teen smoking rate is double New York's. Other low-tax states have similarly dismal records.
Enemies of high tobacco taxes cling to the tired argument that they fall disproportionately on the poor. True, but so do the deadly effects of smoking, far worse than a tax. The effect of the taxes is amplified further when the revenue is used to fund initiatives that help smokers quit or persuade teens not to start.
Anti-smoking forces have plenty to celebrate this week, having helped avoid 8 million premature deaths in the past 50 years. But as long as 3,000 adolescents and teens take their first puff each day, the war is not won.
47. According to the context, "Their failure" refers to_______.
A. those adults who continue to smoke
B. those states that missed the message
C. findings of the report
D. hazards of smoking
48. What is the passage mainly about?
A. How to stage anti-smoking campaigns.
B. The effects of the report on smoking and health.
C. The efforts to cut down on teenage smoking.
D. Tax as the surest path to cut smoking.

Attachment Parenting is not Indulgent Parenting. Attachment parents do not “spoil” their children. Spoiling is done when a child is given everything that they want regardless of what they need and regardless of what is practical. Indulgent parents give toys for tantrums(发脾气),ice cream for breakfast Attachment parents don't give their children everything that they want, they give their children everything that they need. Attachment parents believe that love and comfort are free and necessary. Not sweets or toys.
Attachment Parenting is not "afraid of tears" parenting. Our kids cry. The difference is that we understand that tantrums and tears come from emotions and not manipulation. And our children understand this too. They cry and have tantrums sometimes, of course. But they do this because their emotions are so overwhelming that they need to get it out They do not expect to be "rewarded" for their strong negative emotions; they simply expect that we will listen. We pick up our babies when they cry, and we respond to the tears of our older children because we believe firmly that comfort is free, love is free, and that when a child has need for comfort and love, it is our job to provide those things. We are not afraid of tears. We don't avoid them. We hold our children through them and teach them that when they are hurt or frustrated we are here to comfort them and help them work through their emotions.
Attachment Parents is not Clingy Parenting. I do not cling to my children. In fact, I'm pretty free-range. As soon as they can move they usually move away from me and let me set up a chase as they crawl, run, skip and hop on their merry way to explore the world. Sure, I carry them and hug them and chase them and kiss them and rock than and sleep with them. But this is not me following them everywhere and pulling them back to me. This is me being a home base. The "attachment" comes from their being allowed to attach to us, not from us attaching to than like parental leeches.
Attachment Parenting is not Selfish Parenting. It is also not selfless parenting. We are not doing it for us, and we are not doing it to torment ourselves.
Attachment parenting is not Helicopter Parenting. I don't hover. I supervise. I follow, I teach, I demonstrate, I explain. I don't slap curious hands away. I show how to do things safely. I let my child do the things that my child wishes to do, first with help and then with supervision and finally with trust. I don't insist that my 23 month old hold my hand when we walk on the sidewalk because I know I can recall him with my voice because he trusts me to allow him to explore and he trusts me to explain when something is dangerous and to help him satisfy his curiosities safely.
Most of the negative things that I hear about "attachment parents" are completely off-base and describe something that is entirely unlike Attachment Parenting. Attachment Parenting is child-centric and focuses on the needs of the child. Children need structure, rules, and boundaries. Attachment Parents simply believe that the child and the parent are allies, not adversaries. And that children are taught, not trained.
49. According to the author, what should parents do when their kids cry?
A. Rewarding kids with toys.
B. Trying to stop kids crying.
C. Holding them till they stop.
D. Providing comfort and love.
50. What does "free-range” mean according to the passage?
A. Willing to give kids freedom of movement.
B. Ready to play games with my kids.
C. Curious to watch what games they play.
D. Fond of providing a home base.

In this section there are five short answer questions based on the passages in Section A. Answer the questions with NO more than TEN words in the space provided on Answer Sheet Two.
51. According to the passage,what does “cognitive habits” refer to?
52. Why was the author doing rounds in a hospital?
53. What does “counting” mean in the context?
54. What does the author think of raising tax on cigarettes?
55. What does the passage mainly discuss?


Should we revive traditional Chinese characters or continue using simplified characters? This has been an intensely discussed question for years. The following are the supporters' and opponents' opinions. Read carefully the opinions from both sides and writer your response in no less than 200 words, in which you should first summarize the opinions from both sides and give your view on the issue.
Marks will be awarded for content relevance, content sufficiency,organization and language quality. Failure to follow the above instructions may result in a loss of marks.
Traditional characters, which date back to more than 2000 years ago, have a more beautiful appearance and a more reasonable structure. As indicated by the 親 and 愛 examples, traditional characters make more sense, convey traditional values and can therefore represent traditional culture.
For two millennia, Chinese historical records and classic works were written in traditional characters. To be able to read them and inherit traditional culture, we need to bring traditional characters back.
Politically, it is also necessary to restore traditional Chinese characters. Currently, traditional characters are still in used in Hong Kong, Taiwan and many Chinese communities around the world. Restoring them can contribute to cross-Straits exchanges and national reunification and unite Chinese people around the world.
In today's world, efficiency matters most. Traditional characters, which usually have more strokes than simplified ones, are more difficult to learn. By contrast simplified, characters are much easier to learn and use.
Over the past 50 years, lots of classic texts have been turned into simplified-character versions, which means simplified-character can also promote and preserve traditional culture.
Constant simplification has been a trend in the evolution of Chinese characters. From the oracle bones script of 3000 years ago to traditional characters, the Chinese writing system has always been slimming down for better communication.



(1) 80% (2) compulsory courses (3) optional/in labs/computer rooms
(4) 3-4 (5) class assignments/work (6) exam
(7) smoking/eating/drinking (8) Dorm regulations/rules
(9) No overnight guests/visitors (10) the common room

1. B 2.C 3.A 4.D 5. B
6.C 7.B 8.D 9.A 10.C

11.A 12.A 13.D 14.B 15.B 16. D I7.C
18. A 19. C 20. C 21. A 22. C 23. D
24. B 25. A 26. D 27. B 28. A 29. C 30. D

31. N (traffic) 32. G (labour-saving) 33. D (fast) 34. C (bother) 35. M (standstill) 36.O (trapped) 37. E (flights) 38. A (as) 39. L (stand by) 40. F (helpless)

Section A
41. B 42. D 43. C 44. A 45. B 46. D 47. B 48. D 49. D 50. A

Section B
51. It refers to how we deal with information.
52. It was part of his medical training.
53. It means “continuing”.
54. It is an effective measure/a good measure.
55. Different types of parenting.



1. 80%
【解析】本题有关出勤率(attendance)。讲话人表示了对新生的欢迎和期望后,提到出勤(Now, about class attendance),要求新生要出勤 80%的课(attend 80% of classes),因此这里填入数词 80%。
2. compulsory courses
【解析】本题与所分派的小组(assigned groups)相关。录音提到,必修课(compulsory courses)是你在所分派的小组中选的课,故填入 compulsory courses。
3. optional/in labs/computer rooms
【解析】录音提到,实验室或电脑室里的个别课程(individual work)是选修的(optional)。空格前为 Individual work, 故最佳答案为 optional,也可以填入个别课程可能出现的地方,即 in laboratories/labs 或 computer rooms。
4. 3~4
5. class assignments/work
【解析】本题属于“测评方式”的要点,与 Final assessment“期末测评”相关。录音提到,学生要上交 5 篇写作,作为期末测评的一部分,可以从课堂作业(from class assignments)选出。空格前的 from 表明此处填入名词短语 class assignments,也可以用 work 代替长单词 assignments。
6. exam
【解析】本题要求填入修饰 information“信息”的词。录音提到,你可以从辅导老师那里获取更多有关考试(about the examination)的详情。空格后的 information 是 details 的同义表达,因此填入 examination 或 exam。
7. smoking/eating/drinking
【解析】本题上一行的 Rules 表明此处与教室规定有关。录音提到,教室里明令禁止吸烟(smoke),也不要把食物和饮料(food and drink)带入。空格前为否定词 No,故此处应填入表动作的动名词 smoking 或 eating/drinking。
8. Dorm regulations/rules
【解析】本题要求补充第三个要点。录音在说完教室规则后,提到了宿舍(About your dorm),后面接着说明了具体的一些规定。因此这里用 Dorm rules 或 Dorm regulations 概括,而不是 Dorms。
9. No overnight guests/visitors
【解析】录音提到,学生不允许留客过夜(not permitted to put up overnight guests)。 同样,也不能一天之内在房间招待 5 个以上来客。本题下一行写了不能超过 5 个来客,故此处填入 No overnight guests,其中 guests 也可以用其同义词 visitors 表达。
10. the common room
【解析】本题要求填入 reserve“预订”的宾语。录音提到,如果学生要举办大一点的聚会,请预订公共休息室(the common room)。

1. Why is the trip to Mars a one-way trip?
[B]【解析】对话中女士问为什么去往火星的旅行是单程的,男士说跟科技(technology)有关,现在的知识和科技只能把人们送到火星,但不能把人带回来。因此 B 项“没有把人们带回来的科技”正确。
2. According to the man, what is most important for those recruits?
[C]【解析】女士问他们想要招选什么样的人参与这次的“生命之旅”;男士说他们要找聪明、身心健康且具有专业技能的人。但更重要的是性格(Character),要有合适的个性,能在情况不好时仍然表现良好,面对危机时冷静(calm)。因此 C 项 Calmness 是更重要的因素。
3. Why does the man think he is not the right person for the job?
[A]【解析】女士想知道男士是否会报名参加这次“生命之旅”,男士回答说他不合适,他没办法冷静地处理危机。因此选 A 项,calmly cope with problems 是录音原文 handle a crisis with calm 的同义替换。
4. According to the man, who will pay for the one-way trip to Mars?
[D]【解析】女士询问男士“钱从哪来”。男士举出奥运会的例子,奥运会的收益是从观看奥运会的电视观众中获取,而这次“生命之旅”也是如此,即从收看该任务的观众中获取。因此 D 项正确答案。
5. What is the last part of the conversation about?
[B]【解析】题目问对话最后部分的主要内容。对话最后男士说到自己很有兴趣收看电视对该“旅程”的转播,就像看一场“真人秀”一样。而女士则说她对“真人秀”不怎么感兴趣,很容易觉得无聊。可见,对话末尾双方谈论的是对收看该“旅程”的感兴趣程度,故 B 项正确。
6. What is showrooming?
[c]【解析】男士问女士是否知道 showrooming,女士回答说知道,顾客在上网购物前先去商店看和试用产品。C 项 “去商店看,在网上买东西”符合原文 Customers visit shops to see and test products before buying them online 。
7. What does the man buy online?
[B]【解析】男士说他在网上买 CD、电子产品和食物,其中选项 B 与对话中提到的 electrical goods 表述一致,故为答案。
8. What is the percentage of people who showroomed during Christmas shopping?
[D]【解析】对话中男士提到,研究显示,去年圣诞节期间,有 24%的人在网上购物。因此选择 D 项 24%。
9. Why did people showroom?
[A]【解析】男士提到人们 showroom 的原因有三个:缺时间,缺钱,想要 reassurance“放心”。女士进一步解释 reassurance,说他们想知道产品是什么样子(really looks like),才对正购买的东西有信心(be confident)0 因此选 A。
10. According to the speakers, what should the high street do?
[C]【解析】在对话最后女士问到,商业大街会因此消失吗?男士回答说商业大街应该适应或做出改变,打价格战或是提供一些刺激销售的奖励。女士则进一步解释说可以提供一些优惠券(discount voucher)或赠品(free gift)。C 项符合题意。

11. [A]句意:你用完那本书,别忘了放回书架,好吗?祈使句的反意疑问句,通常用 will you, won’t you, would you;若陈述部分为否定式,则反意疑问句部分用肯定的 will you。
12. [A] A 项的主语 Five miles 是复数名词,句中 a long walk 提示应将 Five miles 视作表示距离的一个整体,谓语动词 seem 要用单数形式,故错误,为本题答案。B 项中主语 Ten dollars 可视为一个整体,谓语动词用单数形式 was stolen。C 项中的 Either... or...连接两个并列主语,谓语动词的单复数依据“就近原则”使用 is coming。D 项中主语由“one out of+复数名词”构成,在正式语体中,谓语动词用单数 was,非正式语体中按“就近原则”用复数 were。
13. [D]句意:与其说是语言,不如说是文化背景令这部电影难以理解。not so much... as...为固定搭配,意为“与其说……不如说……”。
14. [B]句意:毫无疑问,委员会对住房项目做了正确的决定。doubt 后接同位语从句时,在否定句中引导词通常是 that;在肯定句中则一般用 whether。本句是否定句(no doubt),故选 B。
15. [B]句意:如果你把情况向律师说明,他会比我更能给你提出好建议。本题条件状语从句中的谓语动词用了过去式 explained,说明“解释情况”的内容与现在或将来的情况相反,所以主句的谓语动词应该用“would+动词原形”表虚拟,答案为 B。
16. [D] D 项 Belong“属于”为表示静止状态的动词。静态动词包括以下四类:①表示“是”“有”的动词,如 be, have, belong, own, possess 等;②表示度量的动词,如 cost,weigh, measure, matter 等;③表示五官感觉的动词, 如 hear, see, feel, taste, smell, sound, seem 等;④表示心理状态或情感状态的动词,如 believe, consider, think, suppose, expect, understand, remember, forget, love, like, hate, want, wish 等。
17. [C]本题询问下列哪个斜体部分表示主-动关系。选项中的斜体部分都是不定式结构,C 项 to leave 的逻辑主语是其修饰的名词 the last guest,两者为主-动关系,C 为本题答案。A 项 to support 的逻辑宾语是前面的名词 family,功能上相当于定语从句 that he must support。B 项 to quarrel with her brother 与修饰的名词 wish 是同位关系。D 项 to talk to 与名词 a friend 是动-宾关系。
18. [A]考查限定词的用法。A 项中的 A bit of“一点点”只能与不可数名词搭配,不能与 flowers 连用,是错误的。B 项 Few 只能与复数名词搭配,C 项 This 与单数名词和不可数名词搭配,D 项 another two 与复数名词搭配。
19. [C]句意:当一个人健康的时候,他应该感到幸运。代词 one 可以用第三人称单数 he 来指代。
20. [C]句意:由于没有可再讨论的内容,会议提前半小时结束了。there be 句型可以使用独立主格结构作原因状语,现在分词形式可表原因,故 C 项 being 正确。
21. [A]句意:这一地区的瓶子以一箱大约 50 美元的价格批量出售。句中的 at about $50 a case 提示,瓶子以箱计算出售,因此选 A 项 whole sale “批量”。totally 和 entirely 意为“完全,全部地”,相当于 completely,句意不通。 sell together 不能表示批量出售。
22. [C]句意:该产品不含人工色素、香精或防腐剂。C 项 artificial 意为“人造的(物体、材料、工艺等)”,修饰 colours “色素”、flavours “香精”和 preservatives “防腐剂”,句意通顺。fake “假的,伪造的”,具有冒充、欺骗之意,如 fake doctor/jewel(冒牌医生/假珠宝)。false“虚假的,错误的;不诚实的,欺诈的”,如 false account(假账)。 wrong“错误的;不道德的;不合适的”,如 a wrong opinion(错误的见解),wrong conducts (不道德的行为)。
23. [D]句意:在本市举办全国汽车博览会的决定让市领导和商业领袖皆大欢喜。填入空格的词应为形容词,与 business 并列,共同作 leaders 的定语。与“商业领袖”并列的应该是“市领导”,故选 D 项 Civic“城镇的,市政的;市民的”。Civil“平民的,公民的”;Civilized“文明的,开化的”;Civilian“平民,百姓”。
24. [B]句意:市政局正计划一个大型公路建设项目,以缓解交通堵塞。ease 与 B 项 relieve“减轻,缓解”同义。calm“使(心情)平静,使镇定”;comfort“安慰”;still“使静止,使平静”,如 still a crying child(使啼哭的小孩安静)。
25. [A]句意:他的人格魅力弥补了令人遗憾的外表。offset 意思是“抵消,弥补”,B 项 made up for、C 项 balanced 和 D 项 compensated for 与之近义。外表不会因为个性而“改善”,A 项 improved 不对,为本题答案。
26. [D]句意:医生说他面颊上的伤口要缝十针。根据 required ten stitches“要缝十针”,可知 gash 指“伤口”,故 D 项 cut“伤口,切口 ”与之意思一致。lump“肿块”;depression“沮丧,抑郁”;swelling“(身体上)肿胀的部位”。
27. [B]句意:在经济危机期间,他们不得不削减生产,解雇工人。B 项 lay off 表示“解雇”,与 cut back production“削减生产”语义逻辑一致。lay into“攻击,拳打脚踢”;lay down“放下,制定”;lay aside“搁置一边,积蓄”。
28. [A]句意:为了庆祝一百周年,这所大学举办了一系列活动,包括会议、电影节目等。根据 held a series of activities ,可判断 mark 与 A 项 celebrate “庆祝”同义。signify “表示,意味着”;symbolize “象征”;suggest “建议,暗示”。
29. [C]句意:他那富于创造的大脑不断产生新想法。fertile 在本句的意思可以通过 keeps turning out new ideas 推断出来,即“(思想)丰富的,有创造力的”,C 项 productive“多产的,富有成效的”意思与之接近。abundant“丰富的,充裕的”用于形容物产或资源。unbelievable“难以置信的”表示主观上的惊奇或怀疑。generative“生产的,生殖的”。
30. [D]句意:会议详细讨论了这些问题。短语 at length 意为“充分地,详细地”,D 项 fully 符合本题 were discussed 的语境。eventually 和 lastly 都表示“最后”,subsequently 意为“随后,接着”。

31. [N]空格前的 and 表明此处需要填入与 people 并列的名词,说明“人们和……可以在灯火通明的道路上畅行无阻”。traffic“路上行驶的车辆”符合句子语境。
32. [G]空格位于 many 和名词 devices 之间,故应填入修饰 devices 的词,可以是名词、分词或形容词。所在句提到很多家用设备都由电驱动(powered by electricity),而电器的使用多半是为了省时省力。再结合下文,我们在睡觉时电仍在为我们工作,推断此处主要是讲节省劳动力,因此填入 labor-saving“节省劳动力的”。
33. [D]空格前是系动词 are,空格后为形容词 asleep,故此处应填入一个副词,be fast asleep 为固定表达,表示 sleeping deeply“熟睡”,因此填入 fast“迅速地”。quite“相当”与 asleep 连用时,多用于否定句 not quite asleep “不太睡得着”。
34. [C]空格前是副词 rarely,空格后为不定式结构,故应填入一个可以接不定式的动词。上文说到,我们每天乘坐火车、公共汽车和地铁上下班。本句提到我们很少……去想它们为什么以及如何运作。动词库中,bother 符合此处语义和语法要求,bother to do sth.意为“费心去做某事”,与空格前的 rarely 连用,表示几乎不会费心去做某事。
35. [M]由空格前的不定冠词 a 可知此处应填入名词,由下文提到的火车拒绝行驶、电梯停止运行,可推知,停电让生活几乎陷入停滞的状况。因此填入 standstill, come to a standstill 意为“停滞不前”。pause“暂停,停顿”虽然语义相关,但多指片刻的停顿或暂停,这里的时间状语 For a great many hours 表明这种生活状态持续了一段较长的时间。
36. [0]空格前的 be 表明此处需要填入动词的过去分词形式或形容词。由句中的 lucky enough not to be 和 between two floors 推测,此处讲的是电梯停运时比较幸运,不会被困在两个楼层之间,trapped“使陷入困境”符合句意。
37. [E]由空格后的 of stairs 可知,这里应填入名词,flights of stairs/steps 为固定搭配,表示一级级的楼梯,符合语义要求。名词库中 levels“水平,等级”不可以与 stairs 搭配使用,故排除。
38. [A]本句将停电了的著名街道跟偏远的小街进行比较,根据句中的 as 以及形容词 gloomy and uninviting 判断句子包含同级比较,因此选 A 项,as... as...“像……一样”。
39. [L]空格位于不定式 to 之后,故应填入动词原形,根据句中的 had been ordered 和 in case of emergency 可知,此处说的是警察被要求随时待命以防止发生紧急情况,动词库中固定搭配 stand by“做好随时行动的准备”符合此处语义。
40. [F]此处需要填入一个与 confused“困惑的”并列、具有消极意义的形容词。注意空格所在句的主语 they 指上文提到的 the police,再结合 although 引导的让步状语从句,推知此处说警察也和其他人一样困惑无助,helpless “无助的”符合语义。aimless“漫无目标的”在语义上不能与 confused 并列,也不能描述人们在黑暗中的反应。


41. [B]根据题干中的 Google's eyeglasses 定位至第 1 段。该段第 2 句说谷歌正在研发一种新型眼镜,它能识别人脸并提供任一被识别人的相关细节,即眼镜具有记忆的功能,因此选 B。
【干扰项规除】A “改善我们的记忆”中的 improve 没有原文依据。原文提到谷歌眼镜能识别人脸(recognize faces),但没有说能帮助我们看得更清楚,因此排除 C。原文没有将谷歌眼镜和智能手机的功能进行比较,因此 D “像智能手机一样运作”错误。
42. [D]根据题干中的 Sparrow's research 定位至第 2 段。该段最后一句提到,人们不会对信息本身产生记忆,而是记住能在何处找到信息,D“我们倾向于记住(信息的)位置而不是事实的要点”是这句话的同义改写,location 与原文中的 where we'll be able to find it 对应,the core of facts 对应原文中的 the fact itself。
【干扰项排除】斯帕罗的研究没有对比人们现在和过去对人和事物的记忆量,故排除 A。文章提到现在人们记住的是可以在何处找到信息,但没有比较现在和过去人们对互联网连接的记忆,B 没有原文依据。C“我们对(信息的)位置和内容本身同样重视”与第 2 段最后一句不符,故不选。
43. [C]文章第 3 段作者阐述了基本的知识储备很重要,有必要进行反复训练和记忆(drilling... and memorizing...aren't over yet)。接着第 4 段提到了一种让人想来愈发害怕的可能性,即机器可能会让我们失望;该段最后一句作者提出假设,如果要将记忆存储在智能手机上,最好确保手机充满电,暗示手机没电就没法帮我们记忆。由此可推断出,作者认为人们需要训练记忆,因此选 C。
【干扰项排除】由第 3 段第 1 句中的 downside “负面影响”可知,网络连接有消极的一面,因此排除 A 项“网络连接有助于我们记忆”。B“要记忆的东西因人而异”文中并未提及。D 出现在文章最后一句,但该句只是作者善意的提醒,说如果打算把记忆存储在智能手机上,就要确保手机随时充满电,D 属于断章取义,故排除。

44. [A]根据题干中的 team members 定位到第 2 段。该段介绍作者所在团队成员的情况。主治医师坐镇主要是为了安定人心,但实际上多数主治医生是研究人员,缺乏临床经验(didn't have much recent hospital experience);两个住院实习医生和作者一样是菜鸟(green)。这说明团队成员在专业上存在一些不足,因此选 A。
【干扰项排除】从第 2 段可知主治医师和住院实习医生都经验不足,因此 B“丰富的实践经验”、C“足够的知识”可排除。 两位实习医生和作者一样毫无经验(green),他们刚从医学院毕业(had recently graduated),因此 D “已经在那工作很长时间”与原文不符。
45. [B]根据题干定位至倒数第 2 段。该段第 3 句冒号后面的内容对 His symptoms had been textbook 做进一步解释。“大汗淋漓、肺音清晰却呼吸短促”,这是作者在查房时已经发现的症状,之所以造成严重后果是因为他还没学到那一章(I hadn't read that chapter in the textbook yet),不明白这是危险信号。由此可见,教科书对此是有描述的,因此选 B。
【干扰项排除】这些症状是“教科书的一部分”语义不通,因此排除 A。由第 4 句可知教科书中是有这一章节的内容,C 与原文矛盾。文章未提及这部分内容是最近新增到教科书中的,因此排除 D。
46. [D]最后一段第 1 句说明这起事件对作者的影响,并指出这般的医学教育体系依然存在,因此引发作者的忧虑。第 2 句即说明了作者的担忧,担心更多的人会受到伤害,因此 D 项“忧虑”为答案。
【干扰项排除】A“乐观”、C “支持”表达积极态度,与作者的观点相反。B 项 hesitation “疑虑”是利用文章最后的 Who knows...问句设置的干扰项,该句不是旨在表达作者对有多少人将会受到伤害的疑虑,而是以问句的形式强烈地表达作者对现行医学教育体制的担忧。由此排除 B。

47. [B]根据题干中的“Their failure”定位至第 3 段。该短语出现在第 3 段首句,所指代的内容应该在第 2 段查找。第 2 段第 1~2 句讲美国禁烟运动取得的成就,不是 Their failure 所指代的内容;该段最后一句指出,某些州似乎忽视了吸烟致命这个信息,这对禁烟运动而言无疑是个败笔,因此选 B。
【干扰项排除】第 2 段从整体上论述美国禁烟运动的成就和不足,没有涉及 A“那些继续抽烟的成年人”。C“报告的结果”、D“吸烟的危害”在第 3 段第 2~3 句提到,代入句中,句意不通;此外也不符合 their 指代的内容一般出现在上文的行文习惯。
48. [D]文章第 1~4 段主要讲述到目前为止,禁烟运动取得的成绩及其不足之处。第 5 段为过渡段,The formula... is no longer guesswork 一句承接上文,But the surest way...一句引出下文,指出禁烟运动要取得胜利,就得阻止青少年吸烟,而最有效的办法是提高税收。第 6~8 段从正反两方面论证这个办法的可行性。最后一段照应开头,禁烟运动取得不少成果,但远未胜利。可见,后半部分是文章的重心,因此 D“税收是减少吸烟行之有效的途径”为本题答案。
【干扰项排除】A“如何开展禁烟运动”文中没有提到相关内容。B“关于吸烟与健康的报告的影响”在第 4 段提到,属细节内容。文章第 4 段提到了使用香烟警告标志、禁止香烟电视广告、举办禁烟运动,但没有指明这是针对青少年吸烟采取的措施;第 5~8 段作者提出要提高烟草税,是作者的建议,不能算是 effort,因此排除 C。

49. [D]根据题干中的 kids cry 定位到第 2 段。该段讲述亲密育儿型父母对孩子哭泣的态度和做法。该段倒数第 4 句提到父母在孩子哭泣时的做法及其原因,认为父母有责任给予孩子那些东西;those things 指该句前半部分中提到的 love 和 comfort,因此选 D。
【干扰项排除】第 2 段倒数第 5 句提到,孩子们在哭泣时并不指望得到奖励(rewarded),A“奖励孩子玩具”与原文不符。该段倒数第 2、3 句指出,我们不惧怕、不回避孩子的眼泪,故排除 B “试图阻止孩子哭泣”;末句提到的 hold our children through them,指的是扶持孩子战胜负面情绪,C “拥抱他们直到停止哭泣”是对原文的曲解。
50. [A]根据题干中的 free-range 定位至第 3 段。该段第 1~2 句提到,亲密育儿法不是贴身育儿,不会跟孩子寸步不离。第 3 句中的 In fact 表明 free-range 与前两句中的 clingy、cling to 意思相反,即让孩子行动自由,因此选 A。本段后半部分的例子也佐证了作者不束缚孩子四处探索的做法。
【干扰项排除】B“乐意和孩子玩游戏”在第 3 段第 5 句提到,但下文的转折词 But 表明,作者意在说明在陪伴孩子玩耍的同时,不会到处跟着他们,会给予孩子自由,因此排除 B。C“好奇地看他们玩什么游戏”没有原文依据。第 3 段倒数第 2 句中的 being a home base 用以解释 not following them everywhere and pulling them back to me,而不是解释 free-range,因而排除 D“乐于提供一个大本营”。


51. It refers to how we deal with information.
【解析】根据题干中的 cognitive habits 定位至第 1 段末句。该句提到,新研究显示外包记忆正在改变我们的认知习惯(cognitive habits),接着第 2 段指出互联网时代人们如何处理信息的三个新事实,这是认知习惯改变的具体表现。由此可推出,cognitive habits 在文中指人们处理信息的方式,故答案为 It refers to how we deal with/ process information 0
52. It was part of his medical training.
【解析】根据题干中的 doing rounds 定位到第 1 段第 1~2 句。这两句指出当时作者的身份还是在校生,之所以在医院实习是因为学校的教学理念(philosophy):让在校医学生尽早接触患者。可见,作者在医院查房(doing rounds)是医学培训的一部分,因此答案为:It was part of his medical training。
53. It means “continuing”.
【解析】根据题干中的 counting 定位至第 1 段。and counting 是常用表达,表示“仍在继续增长”,在本句中的意思是禁烟运动已经有 50 个年头了,还将“继续”下去。注意完整回答本句时,mean “表示……的意思”为及物动词,后需接名词或动名词,故答案为 It means “continuing”。
54. It is an effective measure/a good measure.
【解析】根据题干中的 raising tax 定位到第 5 段第 2 句。该句提到,防止吸烟最有把握的措施(the surest way)是提高税收。可见作者赞同提高烟草税收,认为这一做法行之有效,答案为 It is an effective measure。
55. Different types of parenting.
【解析】主旨题。文章第 1~5 段将 Attachment Parenting 分别和 Indulgent Parenting、“afraid of tears”parenting 、Clingy Parenting、Selfish Parenting 以及 Helicopter Parenting 做对比,比较他们的不同做法。最后一段对 Attachment Parenting 做总结及评价,因此本文主要是对比各种不同的育儿法,故答案为 Different types of parenting 。
It Is Unwise to Revive Traditonal Chinese Characters The necessity to revive traditional Chinese characters has aroused an increasingly heated discussion for decades. Some in favor of it hold that traditional Chinese characters, with a more vivid and descriptive appearance, is a perfect embodiment of traditional culture and a bond for cross-Straits exchanges and national reunification. Some are against it for its complexity to write and inefficiency to communicate, which can be otherwise avoided by simplified characters. Besides, simplified characters can also serve the purpose of promoting traditional culture and this simplified writing system is an irreversible trend. From my perspective, it's not wise to initiate a renaissance of traditional Chinese characters for following reasons:
First and foremost, words and language are tools created for better communication. In this sense, efficiency is of utmost importance if simplified Chinese characters can perform the same function of the traditional ones. Second, readability and acceptability are potential barriers to the renaissance of traditional characters. Most of mainland Chinese learn simplified characters from their infancy. So it will be hard for them to accept a totally unfamiliar word system. Last, traditional Chinese characters do help cultural inheritance, but it doesn't mean reviving it is the only way to preserve traditional culture and values.
Taking the above factors into consideration, I think it is unwise to revive traditional Chinese characters.

  • revelationn. 揭露,泄露,发觉
  • stuffyadj. (房间等)不通气的,(人或事物)沉闷乏味的,自
  • supplyn. 补给,供给,供应,贮备 vt. 补给,供给,提供,
  • tormentn. 苦痛,拷问 v. 使苦恼,拷问
  • hesitationn. 犹豫
  • promotevt. 促进,提升,升迁; 发起; 促销
  • registerv. 记录,登记,注册,挂号 n. 暂存器,记录,登记簿
  • reassurancen. 再保证,再安慰
  • calmnessn. 平静,安宁;冷静,镇静
  • demonstratevt. 示范,演示,证明 vi. 示威