2005年考研英语阅读真题(MP3+字幕)第3篇 Taking Control
日期:2014-10-27 09:17


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Of all the components of a good night's sleep, dreams seem to be least within our control.


In dreams, a window opens into a world where logic is suspended and dead people speak.


A century ago, Freud formulated his revolutionary theory that dreams were the disguised shadows of our unconscious desires and fears;


by the late 1970s, neurologists had switched to thinking of them as just “mental noise” -- the random byproducts of the neural-repair work that goes on during sleep.

到了20世纪 70 年代末期,神经病学家们转而认为梦是“精神噪音”,即睡眠时进行的神经修复活动的一种杂乱的副产品。

Now researchers suspect that dreams are part of the mind's emotional thermostat, regulating moods while the brain is “off-line. ”


And one leading authority says that these intensely powerful mental events can be not only harnessed but actually brought under conscious control, to help us sleep and feel better,


“It's your dream, ” says Rosalind Cartwright, chair of psychology at Chicago's Medical Center.

芝加哥医疗中心心里学系主任 Rosalind Cartwright 说“梦是你自己的,

“If you don't like it, change it. ”


Evidence from brain imaging supports this view.


The brain is as active during REM (rapid eye movement) sleep -- when most vivid dreams occur -- as it is when fully awake, says Dr, Eric Nofzinger at the University of Pittsburgh.


But not all parts of the brain are equally involved;


the limbic system (the “emotional brain”) is especially active,


while the prefrontal cortex (the center of intellect and reasoning) is relatively quiet.

而前额皮层(思维和推理的中心 地带)则相对平静大。

“We wake up from dreams happy or depressed, and those feelings can stay with us all day. ” says Stanford sleep researcher Dr. William Dement.

斯坦福睡眠研究员 William Dement 博士说:“我们从梦中醒来,或者高兴或者沮丧,这些情绪会伴随我们一整天。”

The link between dreams and emotions shows up among the patients in Cartwright's clinic.

梦和情绪之间的联系在 Cartwright 的诊所的病人身上显露出来了。

Most people seem to have more bad dreams early in the night, progressing toward happier ones before awakening, suggesting that they are working through negative feelings generated during the day.


Because our conscious mind is occupied with daily life we don't always think about the emotional significance of the day's events -- until, it appears, we begin to dream.


And this process need not be left to the unconscious.


Cartwright believes one can exercise conscious control over recurring bad dreams.

Cartwright 认为人们可以练习有意识地控制噩梦的重演。

As soon as you awaken, identify what is upsetting about the dream.


Visualize how you would like it to end instead; the next time it occurs, try to wake up just enough to control its course.


With much practice people can learn to, literally, do it in their sleep.

通过多次练习, 人们完全可以学会在梦中这样做。

At the end of the day, there's probably little reason to pay attention to our dreams at all unless they keep us from sleeping or “we wake up in a panic, ” Cartwright says.


Terrorism, economic uncertainties and general feelings of insecurity have increased people's anxieties.

恐怖主义、经济 不确定及通常的不安全感都增加了人们的焦虑。

Those suffering from persistent nightmares should seek help from a therapist.


For the rest of us, the brain has its ways of working through bad feelings.


Sleep -- or rather dream -- on it and you'll feel better in the morning.


  • controln. 克制,控制,管制,操作装置 vt. 控制,掌管,支
  • suspendedadj. 悬浮的;暂停的,缓期的(宣判)
  • suspectn. 嫌疑犯 adj. 令人怀疑的,不可信的 v. 怀疑
  • revolutionaryadj. 革命的 n. 革命者
  • depressedadj. 沮丧的,降低的,不景气的,萧条的,凹陷的,扁平
  • emotionaladj. 感情的,情绪的
  • consciousadj. 神志清醒的,意识到的,自觉的,有意的 n. 意
  • recurringadj. 再发的,循环的 动词recur的现在分词
  • identifyvt. 识别,认明,鉴定 vi. 认同,感同身受
  • insecurityn. 不安全;不牢靠;无把握;心神不定